From India to the UK, USA, Canada and now in Italy, Spain and Norway, the tradition of Gidha is being seen more and more at weddings and festivals!
ਗਿੱਧਾ ਪੰਜਾਬ ਦੀਆਂ ਮੁਟਿਆਰਾਂ ਦਾ ਮੁੱਖ ਲੋਕ ਨਾਚ ਹੈ
The dance is often considered derived from the ancient dance known as the ring dance and is just as energetic as Bhangra and at the same time it manages to creatively display feminine grace, elegance and elasticity.
In India Gidha is seen in every city and village of Panjab, in particular at weddings, festivals and Vaisakhi. However, the dance is no longer popular in Pakistan. Girls or women generally form a circle to start performing gidha. All of them clap their hands and sing small compositions of verse or boliyan or bolis. Then, two or three of them come to the centre and perform the dance. These boliyan, or two-line poems cover a variety of themes such as the excesses committed by husbands and mothers-in-law.
The Punjabi female 'suit' (tunic top and loose fitting pants worn by women in India and Pakistan) or lehenga/khagra (colourful skirt worn by women in India) in bright and rich colours are typically worn by women in this dance. Sometimes instruments are accompanied with gidha such as the dholak/dholki (small two headed drum) and provides the rhythm for the dance. Women clap and/or clang spoons to keep the rhythm. The distinctive hand-claps of the dancers is a prominent feature of this art-form.
Satire is also very popular in Gidha. One girl may play the aged bridegroom and another his young bride; or one may play a quarrelsome sister-in-law and another a humble bride. In this way Gidha provides for all the best forum for venting of one's emotions. Gidha dance incorporate village life scenes of woman spinning cotton, fetching water from the well, grinding, etc. This is accompanied with appropriate boli and songs.
Malwai Gidha is the folk dance of Malwa region of Punjab. This dance is originated performed by Babey (old men) . This includes teasing of other people in their folk bolliyan (songs) it originated in the Village Chatha (district SANGRUR) malwa region of Punjab and used to be called Chathaian walay Babeya da Gidha then Babeyan da Gidha and presently called Malwai Gidha.
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